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About Poltava city

General info

Climate and weather

Points of interest

The modern Poltava


General info   

The history of Poltava leaves in a deep antiquity. 1174 is considered to be the year of the foundation of Poltava when the settlement "Ltava" or "Oltava" is mentioned in the written sources. They say that the city received its name from the inflow of Vorskla - the river Ltava or Oltava, where the settlement was situated. In the beginning of 15th century a settlement appears with the modern name - Poltava. In 1641 Poltava was named as a city.

The cultural life of the city was always very rich. In 1818-1819 the famous writer M.V.Gogol studied in local college. The writer M.Staritskiy, the historian and public figure M.P.Dragomanov, the mathematician V.M. Ostrogradckiy have been studied in the high school of Poltava. In 1844 the famous Ukrainian poet Taras Schevchenko has visited the city. The famous Ukrainian poet and writer Kotlyrevskiy was born in Poltava. In 1865-1866 the Ukrainian writer Nechuj-Levitskiy has been worked here and in 1871 Panas Mirny has worked here too. Besides, the famous scientist Dokuchaev have worked here too. In 1891 under the initiative of Dokuchaev the museum of local lore was opened in Poltava. The famous doctor Sklifosofsky worked in Poltava too.

Glorified by many cultural people, Poltava has given to the world a lot of talented and famous people. From here to all over the world has sounded the voice of Ivan Kotlyarevsky, here studied famous ukrainian writer Gogol, lived and worked Panas Mirny, Myasoedov, Makarenko, Korolenko. The singer and poetess Marusya Churay was born in Poltava, one of the leaders of the Ukrainian National Republic S.V.Petlura, honoured artist USSR V.M.Batutin. T.G.Shevchenko, V.A.Zukovsky, K.D.Bal'mont, L.M.Tolstoy, M.P.Bazhan, P.G.Tichina, Ostap Vishnya, Maksim Gorkiy, Repin, the earl Potemkin, field-marshal Suvorov, the Russian sovereigns such as Ekaterina the second, Nicolay the second, Alexandr the second; and a lot of other famous people have visited our city.

Climate and weather    back to top

The city is situated on the right bank of Vorskla River, the inflow of Dnepr River. The climate is temperate continental. The winter is rather soft with the weak frosts and frequent thaws. The average temperature in January, according to the long-term supervisions is 6,8 C. The summer is warm and dry. July is the hottest month with the average temperature about 20,9 C. The winds of the east and south-eastward are predominant. The rainfall is about 484 mm a year, which allots in the quite a regular intervals on the months. The large forestland of deciduous and pine woods approach to the city from the different sides, forming almost closed ring.

Points of interest     back to top

The sights of Poltava.
The architectural ensemble of the Round square. (19th centaury), there are a lot of churches, Spaskaya Church (1705-1706), The cathedral (1699-1709), Uspensky Cathedral, a number of buildings recognized as the monuments of architecture (Technical University and others), the modern buildings with the rich architecture. (The Gallery of Art, the branch of the Juridical Academy etc).

Poltava local church

The museums.

  • The Poltava Local Lore museum
  • The museum of Poltava Battle
  • The museums of Kotlyarevsky, Korolenko, P.Myrniy
  • The art museum
  • The museum of cosmonautics etc.
And the number of the monuments of architecture.

The modern Poltava     back to top

The important transport highways are gathered in Poltava. The railway ways are pulled to the east in the direction to Kharkov and to Moscow, to the west to Kiev, to the south - to Odessa and Crimea. Here is the highway Poltava - Kishenev started, the line Kiev-Kharkov is passed near the city. The distance up to Moscow is about 924km, to Kiev it is about 333km. There is direct bus and railway connection  with all the biggest cities of Ukraine.
The population of Poltava is about 314,9 thousands of people, 145 thousand of men live here and 169.9 thousands of women. Poltava is famous by its unique water and curative mineral sources. There are a lot of historical and cultural monuments in the city, the places of rest, quite and cozy parkways and squares:
  • Korpusniy Garden (the central park of the city)
  • Sun Park
  • The park of Glory, cultural and rest Park called "Victory", the birch park etc.
The people in Poltava are lovely and friendly. The Poltava land is famous for its hospitality and kindliness. Besides, the most beautiful girls live in Poltava. And if you are looking for the partner of life, you can probably find her here in Poltava!

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